Sentences that do not express a complete thought or do not have a subject and a verb are incomplete.
Scientific writing requires grammatical and stylistic approaches that differ from those preferred in other academic disciplines.
Repetitious expressions and redundancies are common in speaking and writing. For concision in academic writing, these should be eliminated.
The decision of whether to use direct quotations or to paraphrase depends on the purpose of the information. Citations are necessary for an author to show the reader where the information came from.
Using single and double quotation marks.
Problematic punctuation marks.
Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. They provide a shortcut to avoid repeating any persons, places, or things.
Tips for writing professional emails. The majority of business email interactions will use a formal or semi-formal tone.
Speaking is fundamentally different from writing because listening is fundamentally different from reading. It is storytelling, and you are the storyteller.
Prepositions allow the noun or pronoun in the phrase to modify another word in the sentence.
The point of a play review is to critique a play, not just to describe it.
Parallel structure is using a consistent format for each idea, whether words, phrases, or clauses.
Paragraphs are used to organize an author’s ideas so a reader can easily follow an argument.
Having good lecture notes to review is essential.
Modifiers are describing words.
A literature review is an organization and evaluation of existing research that is relevant to a specific topic or subject area.
The purpose of a lab report is to describe the results of an experiment or research study. University lab reports follow the style and format of professional journal articles, which research scientists use to share and evaluate each other’s work.
An introduction acts as the first impression of an essay. It provides sufficient detail to interest the reader without developing the main points; this prepares the reader for an explanation of these points.
Here are some of the more common comments students receive from instructors, and what those comments mean.
Strategies for writing multiple choice exams