Transitional Devices

Conjunctive adverbs (also called adverbial conjunctions) are commonly used as transitions to help sentences, ideas, and paragraphs flow.


Implication/Function: how two or more ideas are similar

Examples: also, in the same way, likewise, similarly


Implication/Function: surrendering a point in an argument; admitting that it is true or correct

Examples: granted, naturally, of course


Implication/Function: adding information to an argument or point

Examples: again, also, and, besides, equally important, finally, first, further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, last, moreover, next, second, still, too, additionally


Implication/Function: how two or more ideas are different

Examples: although, and yet, at the same time, but at the same time, despite that, even so, even though, for all that, however, in contrast, in spite of, instead, nevertheless, notwithstanding, on the contrary, on the other hand, otherwise, regardless, still, though, yet


Implication/Function: giving prominence to something; stressing it

Examples: certainly, indeed, in fact, of course

Example or Illustration

Implication/Function: adding evidence to help support an argument or point

Examples: after all, as an illustration, even , for example, for instance, in conclusion, indeed, in fact, in other words, in short, it is true, of course, namely, specifically, that is, to illustrate, thus, truly


Implication/Function: briefly stating or restating the main points

Examples: all in all, altogether, as has been said, finally, in conclusion, in other words, in particular, in short, in simpler terms, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to put it differently, to summarize

Time Sequence

Implication/Function: showing a progression of ideas or events over time

Examples: after a while, afterward, again, also, and then, as long as, at last, at length, at that time, before, besides, earlier, eventually, finally, formerly, further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, in the past, last, lately, meanwhile, moreover, next, now, presently, second, shortly, simultaneously, since, so far, soon, still, subsequently, then, thereafter, too, until, until now, when